Let's Fix This Country
immigration

Immigration Breakdown: Republican Right Calls a Halt »

And it’s because Obama can’t be trusted Feb 16 2014

No sooner had the votes been counted in the 2012 election than immigration reform became a top priority. After doing nothing to fulfill a 2008 campaign pledge, after instead deporting more undocumented immigrants than any president before him, Barack Obama owed reform to the Latino population, 71% of whom voted for him.

For that same reason, Republicans realized that they had better spearhead reform, because if they failed to attract the growing Hispanic voting bloc, the party’s gradual extinction was a possibility. Mitt Romney’s vow to repeal the
DREAM Act, if enacted, and his encouraging “self-deportation” of illegals had been a potent insult to those Latinos here legitimately and able to vote, and their support dropped to 27% from the 40% won by George W Bush. Clearly, something had to be done.

on second thought

Fast forward to now. Speaker John Boehner announced in early February that something had turned to nothing. No action will be taken about immigration by the House for this entire year. The urgent need to resolve the issue that came to light in November 2012 is deemed to no longer matter politically and politics is all that matters. Newly emboldened by Obamacare, Republicans believe themselves less in need of the Hispanic vote. The multiple failures and faults of the healthcare law offer so rich a vein to tap in election campaigning that there is growing confidence by the GOP that they can even gain control of the Senate.

Boehner reversed field from just a week earlier when he said, "This problem's been around for at least the last 15 years so I think it's time to deal with it". After weeks of debate, House Republicans had come up with a one-page draft that spelled out the terms for legislation that the Speaker viewed as “a fair, principled way for us to solve this issue”.

What caused the back flip? An onslaught from the rightmost elements of the Party — groups such as the Tea Party Patriots, FreedomWorks, the Heritage Foundation — that view the proposed terms of reform as “amnesty” and from a practical standpoint find reform as too divisive an issue within their own ranks to broach in an election year. Cowed once again — think back to his caving in to the extreme elements of the Party over the government shutdown — Boehner sounded retreat.

obama’s fault

For public consumption the reason is that President Obama is to blame.… Read More »

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policy

Will Congress Let Americans Go Hungry? »

Oct 1 2013

Every five years or so Congress passes the bill that has paid scores of billions to farmers ever since the Depression. The second half of the bill has always funded food stamps.

This time though, the House passed a bill in July that lavished more than it ever

had on farmers and froze out food stamps with nary a cent. Food assistance for the American poor was dropped from the bill, with Speaker John Boehner saying, “We’ll get to that later”. Off went Congress on a five-week vacation for all of August and into September.

the bottom 15%

Some 48 million Americans rely on food stamps to feed their families. Even with the assistance of this program that approaches $80… Read More »

policy

Minimum Wage Blocked, Obama Tries Overtime End Run »

He intends to greatly expand universe of workers entitled to overtime pay Mar 15 2014

While arguments for and against an increase in the minimum wage rage back and forth — a debate “dumb as rocks”, Bloomberg/BusinessWeek calls it — President Obama's offense turned to a different page in his playbook, directing the Labor Department to revise rules on overtime pay. The move would tighten who in the workforce can be called supervisory and therefore ineligible for overtime pay as well obstruct businesses who falsely classify workers to avoid paying them for added hours of work.

As for the minimum wage. the Republican rebuff of Obama’s call to “Give America a raise!”, by their refusing to consider an increase, hands Democrats a popular cause (73% percent of Americans, including 53% of registered Republicans, favored the wage hike in a January Pew Research poll) with which to counter the GOP’s assault on Obamacare in the coming congressional elections. The rude shock of the Florida special election in which a Republican former lobbyist edged past a well-known and well-financed ex-candidate for governor, largely due to a deluge of outside money running ads against the healthcare law, tells Democrats that accusing Republicans of their mean-spirited denial of a minimum wage increase may not be enough. Obama's overtime reset adds to Democrats claim that they are looking out for the little guy. It is expected to benefit some 5 million workers.

the job loss kerfuffle In February a report on the minimum wage by the Congressional Budget Office had already handed to Republicans a half-truth that sprung a full-court press in the media. They made straight for one statistic in the report and benched all others — the estimate by the CBO that the increase from $7.25 to $10.10 could result in a loss of 500,000 jobs.

“This report confirms what we’ve long known”, said House Speaker John Boehner. A chiding Wall Street Journal editorial said, "Now comes news that a higher minimum wage is splendid even if it throws half a million poor people out of work”.

One would never know from such trumpeting of that number by conservative politicians and commentators that the CBO also concluded that almost a million people would be lifted out of poverty, 16 million low wage workers would benefit from an increase, another 8 million currently paid above the minimum would probably see increases because of stepped wage structures in companies, and the aggregate of $31 billion added to paychecks — every dime of which would be spent by low-wage workers — would give a boost to the sluggish economy.

But there was more. The report went on to explain that CBO actually believed job losses would range from zero to 1 million, and the eventuality of any job losses at all was given only a 2/3rds chance of occurring. The CBO had simply settled on the midpoint of 500,000. A New York Times editorial called it “essentially the budget office’s way of saying it doesn’t really know what would happen”. The CBO hadn’t done its own research; they had compiled studies by others and had not given weight to the more recent research that has caused economists to come around to the view that job losses are minimal when wages are raised a reasonable amount.

The more recent studies expanded on the idea of two researchers at the Univ. of California Berkeley, David Card and Alan Krueger, to compare in their 1992 study employment data in adjacent counties in Pennsylvania and New Jersey before and after the latter state raised the minimum wage and the former did not. They found “no indication that the rise in the minimum wage reduced employment”. That study is heavily cited as a turning point in research on the subject. Since then, others who have replicated the approach around the country have reached the same conclusion.

A holdout is David Neumark of the University of California, Irvine. He says a higher minimum wage costs some low-skilled workers their jobs while helping those who keep them. Weighed against him, in a technique adopted from medicine, is the meta-study, where many small clinical trials are combined to produce consensus estimates. As “one of the most studied topics in all of economics”, the minimum wage’s impact on jobs is well suited to this form of analysis. The Center for Economic and Policy Research, which by our count crunched hundreds of studies, concluded “that the minimum wage has little or no discernible effect on the employment prospects of low-wage workers”. This chart — albeit from a site with an evident mission called raisetheminimumwage.com — shows a composite of 64 studies that coalesce around “zero impact on jobs”.

Accordingly, some 600 economists, a group including seven Nobel prize-winning economists and four former presidents of the American Economic Associations, signed a letter to the president and congressional leaders urging passage of the $10.10 floor, calling it “a much-needed boost to the earnings of low-wage workers”.

Worth mentioning is that America’s minimum wage is 27% of the U.S. average pay, a lower ratio than that of any other member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development except Mexico.

off the clock?

“Overtime’s a pretty simple idea”, said Obama in announcing his intentions. “If you have to work more, you should get paid more”. By changing the rules he means to inhibit what is thought to be the widespread practice by employers of avoiding paying for overtime by salaried workers using the ruse of classifying them as executive, administrative or professional personnel exempt from overtime pay as prescribed by law. As the president pointed out, for those low on the pay scale and depending on the degree of abuse, “this rule actually makes it possible for salaried workers to be paid less than the minimum wage” when their salary is divided by total hours .

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce (a pro-business advocacy group not connected to the government) and conservative politicians in Congress reacted angrily to the president again acting on his own, changing policy by executive order, although he has issued less executive orders than most as this table shows. “There’s no such thing as a free lunch,” said Daniel Mitchell, a senior fellow with the Cato Institute, quoted by The New York Times, an odd choice of cliché inasmuch as that seems to be what businesses enjoy by not picking up the tab for extra time worked.

Obama is empowered to set overtime rules by the 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act, just as George W. Bush did when he revised the rules in 2004. Bush favored business by setting the bar low: any salaried employee making over $455 a week could not claim pay for overtime work. And Bush gave business owners extraordinary latitude to classify work. A supermarket employee who normally unpacked shipments but was made to spend 5% of hours on tallying inventory, say, could be classified entirely as “administrative” and denied overtime altogether.

President Obama is expected to set the cutoff much higher than $455 (which, had it been linked to inflation, would be $575 today), and will call for a much higher percentage of administrative work for an employee to be exempt from overtime pay.

missing the target?

An argument against the minimum wage’s existence is that it benefits people indiscriminately. Martin Feldstein, a Harvard professor and once economic adviser to Reagan, says it is “a crude policy that fails to distinguish between a young person who lives at home and a working mother who is the sole support of her family”. Douglas Holtz-Eakin, a former CBO chief who now heads his own conservative advocacy group, says 80% of minimum wage earners are not truly poor according to the Census Bureau. Many have better paid spouses; some 46% are teens or young adults; more than 1/3 of all minimum wage earners live with parents. So what is the minimum wage accomplishing? But researchers at Univ. of California Berkeley, their study funded by labor organizers, learned that only 23% of fast food workers are under the age of 19. But wait. Wasn't there a study from summer 2012 that said 9 of 10 earning the minimum wage are over 20; more than a 3rd are married; 25% have children? It's a subject that seems to prove the adage that statistics can be made to support whatever case one is making.

workers getting less

There may be strong political motivation in an election year to advance programs that appeal to lower income groups, but their plight is real. Workers got only 42.6% of gross domestic income in 2012, the lowest on record. Yet conservatives are against both of these programs to raise wages.

The view from the right is that, if there were no costly overtime pay rule, or if there were no minimum wage, if individuals could hire out at less than $7.25 an hour, more could find work, enter the labor force and learn new skills. That solution — essentially an expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit — is covered in this article on this page.

subsidizing big business

Feldstein says the minimum wage is “in fact a hidden tax increase” on businesses that is passed on to consumers as higher prices. It is an oddly myopic view because it fails to see that below poverty-level wages result in the same. They force people onto the public assistance rolls with the result that taxpayers are subsidizing businesses that pay the minimum wage or close. A study conducted for the Center for American Progress found that raising the minimum wage to $10.10 per hour would save taxpayers $4.6 billion in spending on food stamps. Researchers at Univ. of California at Berkeley calculated fast food workers alone drew upon nearly $7 billion of public assistance from taxpayers such as food stamps, public housing and Medicaid from 2007 to 2011. Given its size, McDonalds share alone is $1.2 billion a year. Taxpayers are effectively paying 20% of the company’s profits.

McDonalds came in for ridicule for a tutorial on its website titled “Practical Money Skills” that educates its employees how to budget and save money. First step, get a second job. The chain admitted that a family can’t live on its wages.

ah, but inflation!

As for the higher prices that Feldstein and most economists assume, hysteria can overtake reason as in a Wall Street Journal op-ed that asked, “Isn’t it obvious that, with a higher wage, McDonald’s $1 menu, for example, would cost $3, few would buy it, Mickey D would have less revenue”, etc. The writer believes a 40% wage increase to $10.10, and with payroll only part of fast food operating costs, would lead to prices 300% higher. (Doesn’t the Journal edit these op-ed pieces?)

Even in major retail chains with a significant labor component, wage increases can be absorbed without major price hikes just as in the past. Testimony to that is that the restaurant and retail chains have grown bigger than ever. This group of economists calculates that McDonalds would only need to raise the price of a Big Mac by five cents — a 1% increase — if the minimum wage were raised to $10.50 an hour. A study from Univ. of California Berkeley's Center for Labor Research and Education calculated that if Wal-Mart raised its average wage from $8.81 to $12.00 an hour, and passed on the cost to consumers, it would cost their average shopper an extra 46 cents per visit, amounting to $12.49 a year.

Opponents set up a straw man when they argue that neither the minimum wage nor overtime pay rules solve the problems of social mobility and income disparity. That’s not what proponents claim because neither are social programs. As with the original Fair Labor Standards Act, the intent is the protection of workers from exploitation, that an employer should not be allowed to usurp a worker’s time or benefit from a worker’s services while paying wages that keep an underclass in penury. If a business cannot survive other than by paying poverty-level wages, capitalism’s own precepts say that it should fail.

The night before Roosevelt signed the Fair Labor Standards Act in 1938, which required a 25¢ an hour minimum wage, he said in a radio fireside chat, “Do not let any calamity-howling executive with an income of $1,000 a day…tell you…that a wage of $11 a week is going to have a disastrous effect on all American industry”. Sounds kind of like today, doesn’t it?

the press

Obama v. Leakers and the Press:
Bad as Nixon Says Journalism Group »

Worse says former Times general counsel Nov 14 2013

In the wake of the government shutdown and the threat of the U.S. defaulting on its debt, a report on the Obama administration’s hostility toward the press and its
reporters went by hardly noticed. The report is a formal statement in support of what the media have contended all along — that the Obama regime’s aggressive actions against press freedom has introduced a climate of fear that inhibits both journalists and sources alike. ”The administration’s war on leaks and other efforts to control information are the most aggressive I’ve seen since the Nixon administration”, says the author, former Washington Post executive editor Leonard Downie Jr. The general counsel of The New York Times at the time it published the Pentagon papers, James Goodale, has elsewhere said "President Obama will surely pass President Richard Nixon as the worst president ever on issues of national security and press freedom".

Accused of leaking classified information to the press, eight current or former government employees have been targeted by the Obama Justice Department in felony criminal prosecutions under the 1917 Espionage Act, an Act that has been used only three times in all previous… Read More »

governing

First Prize for Nastiest State Goes to… »

This state shows what one-party rule looks like Jul 29 2013

There's a theory that Americans are savvy enough about government that they vote for a legislature in opposition to the president, a kind of populist check and balance scheme to make sure that no one side runs away with the country. And so we have a Democratic president; a Democratic majority in the Senate, hemmed in by the strange filibuster rule that now requires 60% to pass anything; and a Republican-controlled House that sees to it that nothing that the president wants goes forward.

They haven’t heard about that theory in North Carolina. Republicans took control of both houses of the legislature in 2010 for the first time in a hundred years. Gerrymandering had seen to it that Democrats have been corralled into few enough districts not to matter, so voters finally achieved one-party rule when they swept Republican Pat McCrory into the governorship in the 2012 election.

self-sufficiency

In short order this triumvirate set about cutting maximum unemployment benefits from an… Read More »

press freedom

Obama v. the Press: A History Worse Than Nixon? »

The Constitution professor doesn’t like the First Amendment Jun 4 2013

As a candidate he had called warrantless surveillance “unconstitutional and illegal”.

In his first inaugural address he said, “My administration is committed to creating an unprecedented level of openness in Government. We will work together to ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration”.

On his first day in the Oval Office he commented, “For a long time now, there's been too much secrecy in this city", as he signed executive orders to reverse some of the Bush Administration policies.

And just days ago President Obama said, “…a free press is also essential for our democracy. I am troubled by the possibility that leak investigations may chill the investigative journalism that holds government accountable.”

You would never know from these statements that in the intervening years he and his Justice Department have conducted “unprecedented” surveillance of journalists and prosecuted more federal employees under… Read More »